Diet and endometriosis risk: aliterature review. Reprod Biomed Online. 2013 Apr;26(4):323-36.

Parazzini F, Viganò P, Candiani M, Fedele L.

Diet and endometriosis risk: aliterature review. Reprod Biomed Online. 2013 Apr; 26(4):323-36.

"La pubblicazione riassume i dati di tutti i lavori che sono stati fatti associando nutrienti specifici all'endometriosi. Le evidenze solide in questo campo sono poche. Tuttavia, l'assunzione di verdura e di acidi grassi polinsaturi omega-3 (contenuti per esempio nel pesce) sembra proteggere dal rischio di endometriosi mentre un effetto negativo sembra essere legato alla dieta ricca di carne rossa."


A connection between dietary factors and endometriosis onset has become a topic of interest mostly due to the observation that physiological and pathological processes of the disease can be influenced by diet. This paper systematically reviews prior publications dealing with this aspect in order to identify potentially modifiable risk factors. Comprehensive searches in the electronic databases MEDLINE, EMBASE and Science Citation Index Expanded were conducted to identify published studies evaluating the association between food intake (nutrients and food groups) and endometriosis. Eleven studies were identified: 10 case-control and one cohort study. Information on diet was collected using food frequency questionnaires in seven studies, while in one study the questionnaire focused on caffeine and alcohol intake. Women with endometriosis seem to consume fewer vegetables and omega-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and more red meat, coffee and trans fats but these findings could not be consistently replicated. Most data have also been discussed herein in light of the available experimental and animal model results. At present, evidence supporting a significant association between diet and endometriosis is equivocal. Further studies are needed to clarify the role of diet on endometriosis risk and progression.

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